March 31, 2019

Bioinspiration: The Birds Will Tell You-By Jerry Bergman, PhD

Posted in Uncategorized at 6:00 am by sranderson0103

Humans have been endeavoring to soar like birds for millennia. After multiple failures, many people felt that manned, mechanized flight was impossible. After three years of test flights, Wilbur and Orville Wright’s first successful airborne attempt finally achieved the dream of mechanized flight in 1903, and it changed the world. And “throughout the story of the Wright brothers…birds figure prominently.”1
They were no doubt inspired by the mention of birds 53 times in the Bible, such as “ask…the birds of the air, and they will tell you.”2 The brothers were largely self-taught but voracious readers who experimented with mechanical things throughout their lives.3 Their church had long been openly creationist and very opposed to Darwinism. In harmony with that commitment, the brothers perused books such as English biologist St. George Jackson Mivart’s detailed anti-Darwin book On the Genesis of Species.4
Wilbur and Orville realized that if birds could fly, humans could copy their design and likewise be able to fly. Their mother loved birds and could identify a bird by its song. She taught this love to her sons.5 After observing birds effortlessly gliding for long distances, they concluded that if a “bird’s wings could sustain it in the air without the use of any muscles, we do not see why man could not be sustained by the same means.”6
The brothers recognized a critical factor was the bird wing’s shape, which they endeavored to copy. Observing birds was one way their approach to flight differed significantly from contemporary experimenters whose focus was on developing more-powerful engines. The brothers focused on wing design. Specifically, the wing needed to be curved to force air on top to travel faster than air underneath. Faster-moving air has less pressure, creating lift from the air below the wing. Their notebooks include detailed notes on bird flight that help historians determine what they learned from birds.7
They also studied other flying experiments, which they compared “with their careful observations of soaring birds.” Wilbur noticed that a buzzard maintained its “balance in the air chiefly by twisting its dropped wing. This twist increased the air pressure on the dropped wing and restored the bird to level flight.”8
The brothers copied this design to enable their flying machine to bank or lean into a turn just like a bird. After two years of experiments, they realized the existing scientific data were wrong.9 Using a small, homebuilt wind tunnel, they collected accurate data that enabled them to construct more-efficient wings and propellers. We can see God’s engineering genius even in this pale imitation of His created avian wonders.
The human engineering of devices inspired by design in the natural world is called bioinspiration, a field that has grown both in size and importance in the years since the famous flight.10 The Wright brothers’ example is only one of thousands. From “studying God’s creation in the form of bird-flight, they were helped to develop their own creation of a  better aircraft.”11 Indeed, very few men have changed the world in greater ways than the Wright brothers, and they started by watching “the birds of the air.” We can see God’s engineering genius even in this pale imitation of His created avian wonders.
References
Combs, H. and M. Caidin. 1979. Kill Devil Hill: Discovering the Secret of the Wright Brothers. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 109.
Job 12:7.
Moolman, V. 1980. The Road to Kitty Hawk. Alexandra, VA: Time-Life Books, 107-108.
Mivart, S. G. J. 1871. On the Genesis of Species. New York: D. Appleton and Company.
Reynolds, Q. J. 1978. The Wright Brothers, Pioneers of American Aviation. New York: Random House.
Moolman, Road to Kitty Hawk, 111.
Combs, Kill Devil Hill, 109-111.
Eimerl, S. 1964. The History of Flight. New York: Golden Press, 29.
Ash, R. 1974. The Wright Brothers. London: Wayland Publishers, 41
Forbes, P. 2006. The Gecko’s Foot: Bio-inspiration: Engineering New Material from Nature. New York: W. W. Norton & Co.
Lamont, A. 1991. The Wright Brothers: Pioneers of the Skies. Creation. 13 (4): 24-27.

March 3, 2019

Thoughts On Inspiration – Don R. Patton

Posted in Uncategorized at 6:00 am by sranderson0103

“And the LORD called unto Moses, and spake unto him out of the tabernacle…” (Leviticus 1:1 KJV)
This verse introduces us to one of the books of Moses, often foolishly considered uninteresting and irrelevant to Christians. This erroneous misconception results in a crippling ignorance of many things God wants Christians to know.
The Apostle Paul explained one of the very important purposes of the Law of Moses.
“Therefore the Law has become our tutor to lead us to Christ,…” (Gal. 3:24)
David understood that the Old Testament was not just for the people of the Old Testament.
“This will be written for the generation to come, That a people yet to be created may praise the LORD.” (Psa.102:18 )
The apostle Paul reminded the Christians in Rome…”For everything that was written in former times was written for our instruction, so that through endurance and through encouragement of the scriptures we may have hope.” (Romans 15:4 NET)
Leviticus begins with an unmistakable claim of inspiration. Consider the comments of Holman Bible Commentary…”God spoke to Moses from the inner sanctuary (within the Tent of Meeting) and gave him general directions for the various offerings to be brought. Before this, God spoke from the mountain, but now he spoke from the mercy seat of the ark of the covenant.”
Moses who was quoted authoritatively by Christ (Mark 12:26) tells us this was not something he dreamed up or that had developed from years of tradition, but Moses said God spoke to him. Self-aggrandizing frauds may make similar empty, unsubstantiated claims today, but Moses’ claim was very different. When God spoke to Israel from Mount Sinai they knew it.
“All the people perceived the thunder and the lightning flashes and the sound of the trumpet and the mountain smoking; and when the people saw it, they trembled and stood at a distance.” (Exodus 20:18)
Later God spoke to Moses for the people from within the tabernacle.
“Now when Moses went into the tent of meeting to speak with Him, he heard the voice speaking to him from above the mercy seat that was on the ark of the testimony, from between the two cherubim, so He spoke to him.” (Numbers 7:89)
Moses says Leviticus is instruction from God that came from within the Tabernacle, evidently from the place specified by God, “from above the mercy seat… from between the two cherubim.” The place chosen by God would enhance the intended impression that this message was not from man but was undoubtedly from God.
Even the prophet Balaam understood the nature of revelation that he received.
“Behold, I have come now to you! Am I able to speak anything at all? The word that God puts in my mouth, that I shall speak.” (Num. 22:38)
The prophet Isaiah taught that revelation from God’s prophet was the Word of God.
“So will My word be which goes forth from My mouth; It will not return to Me empty, Without accomplishing what I desire, And without succeeding in the matter for which I sent it.” (Isaiah 55:11)

The prophet Jeremiah clearly communicated this concept of revelation.
“Then the LORD stretched out His hand and touched my mouth, and the LORD said to me, “Behold, I have put My words in your mouth.” (Jeremiah 1:9)
“Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel, ‘Write all the words which I have spoken to you in a book.” (Jeremiah 30:2)
All the rest of the first chapter of Leviticus consists of a direct quotation from the Lord Himself. In fact, most of the rest of the book also consists solely of the direct words of God, except for an occasional interjection of a statement that God was still speaking. In all, 717 of the 832 verses in Leviticus (that is 86 percent) consist of the very words of God, directly quoted. This is more than any other book of the Bible, except for the books of the prophets, some of which also consist almost entirely of verbatim statements from God. The same situation is found in lesser, but still substantial, degrees in other historical books, not to mention the extensive quotations from the sermons and discourses of Christ in the four gospels.
Leviticus is a guidebook for the consecration and cleansing of God’s people—especially His priests. In the New Covenant, all believers are priests, and therefore are expected to be consecrated and pure.
“But you are A CHOSEN RACE, A royal PRIESTHOOD, A HOLY NATION, A PEOPLE FOR God’s OWN POSSESSION, so that you may proclaim the excellencies of Him who has called you out of darkness into His marvelous light;” (I Peter 2:9).

Adapted from an article by Henry Morris